Some of the best boating cities in the US include Annapolis, Maryland; Seattle, Washington; and Newport, Rhode Island, just to name a few. Boating in these cities allows me to experience diverse waterways, local culture, and stunning coastal views. Each destination has unique characteristics, so knowing what factors to consider before setting off is essential to ensure a memorable and enjoyable boating experience.
- The US boasts numerous cities that offer picturesque landscapes, facilities, and cultural experiences for boating enthusiasts.
- Annapolis, Seattle, and Newport are a few examples of top boating cities, each providing unique waterways and attractions.
- Boaters should consider factors such as weather conditions and the availability of marinas to ensure a memorable and enjoyable trip.
Best Boating Cities in the US To Visit
As an avid boater, I’ve explored numerous cities in the U.S. known for their fantastic boating opportunities. Here, I’ve compiled a list of my favorite areas where boat enthusiasts like myself can have an unforgettable experience.
One of the best places to visit is Camdenton, Missouri. This town is away from heavy boating traffic while still offering stunning attractions. It’s the perfect destination for a relaxing day out on the water in a serene setting.
Another excellent boating city is Kent Narrows, Maryland. This area boasts a cluster of marinas, yacht clubs, and boatyards, providing a range of marine services as well as picturesque waterfront dining. Locals enjoy excellent crabbing, fishing, and boat ramps that can be found all over the island.
For a lively atmosphere, I recommend exploring the diverse boating options in Hampton Roads, Virginia. The city is surrounded by picturesque waters, making it perfect for all types of boating enthusiasts. With an average high temperature of 60+ degrees in 9 months and numerous waterfront homes, this city is a dream for boaters seeking both adventure and comfort.
In addition, Block Island, Rhode Island is a fantastic destination for boating. The island’s calm waters make it an enjoyable and relaxing retreat. I recommend renting or chartering a vessel to fully experience the beauty and tranquility offered by this unique island.
Lastly, Hatteras, North Carolina is a must-visit for those seeking the excitement of deep-sea fishing. Known as the “Blue Marlin Capital of the World,” this small fishing village in North Carolina’s Outer Banks is perfect for those eager to embark on a thrilling angling adventure.
I hope this list helps you discover some of the best boating cities in the United States. Be sure to include these destinations in your future boating trips to experience everything the country has to offer.
As a boating enthusiast, I can confidently say that Annapolis, Maryland is one of the best boating cities in the US. Known as the “Sailing Capital of the World,” this picturesque town is surrounded by the Chesapeake Bay, offering over 4,000 square miles of water for endless opportunities for sailing, boat shows, racing, and more.
I was particularly drawn to the rich maritime history of Annapolis. It’s home to the National Sailing Hall of Fame & Museum, the Annapolis Sailing School, and the site of the United States Sailboat Show, adding to its charm and appeal among boating aficionados like myself. With 65 historic buildings lining the Main Street, it’s amazing to see modern family cruisers and traditional workboats sharing a rare quiet moment on the City Dock.
One thing I cannot stress enough is how important it is to explore the abundant waterways of Annapolis and Anne Arundel County. With 533 miles of shoreline, the coves, creeks, rivers, and streams found here definitely add to the overall boating experience. I especially enjoyed sailing along the Chesapeake Bay, which is among the most popular streets and alleyways in the area.
With all these factors in mind, it’s clear why Annapolis, Maryland stands out as one of the top boating cities in the United States. The combination of its rich history, fantastic sailing opportunities, and stunning scenic views make it a must-visit destination for boating enthusiasts like me.
When I think about boating destinations in the U.S., I can’t help but consider Seattle, Washington as one of the best options. As a city almost completely surrounded by water, it’s no wonder that boating is a way of life here. In fact, Seattle has one of the highest numbers of boats per capita which shows just how passionate the community is about this activity.
There are several lakes and waterways in the city, featuring diverse environments and experiences for boating enthusiasts. Lake Union, for example, is a 580-acre lake near downtown Seattle that offers a unique landscape. With seaplanes, day boats, and even wooden boats, there is certainly no shortage of action on the water. Lake Union is also home to seaplane bases like Kenmore Air Harbor Seaplane Base and Seattle Seaplanes, adding to the vibrant atmosphere.
Another advantage of boating in Seattle is that you can enjoy it year-round, thanks to the city’s mild winters. This means you don’t have to put your boat away during the colder months, allowing for even more opportunities to explore Seattle’s waterways.
While staying in Seattle, I highly recommend exploring not just one, but several different lakes and waterways to get a true feel for the boating culture in the area. Some highlights include:
- Lake Washington: One of the largest lakes in the area, perfect for cruising and water sports.
- Lake Sammamish: A popular freshwater lake for boating, located just a short drive from downtown Seattle.
Whether you’re a seasoned boater or just starting out, Seattle offers a boating experience that’s hard to beat. With a variety of marinas, lakes, and waterways to choose from, there’s always an exciting adventure waiting for you in the Emerald City.
Newport, Rhode Island
I have found that Newport, Rhode Island, is one of the best boating cities in the US. Home to several international regattas like the American Cup and the Volvo Ocean Race, Newport’s picturesque harbor and breezy coastline offer a fantastic boating experience.
One must-visit destination is Gooseberry Beach, a popular public beach located along the famous Ocean Drive. The cove-like area provides minimal waves, making it perfect for swimming, anchoring your boat, and enjoying a calm, peaceful time on the ocean.
When in Newport, you can also visit the historic Rose Island Lighthouse Foundation. Accessible by small boats and kayaks, this lighthouse was built in 1869 and located on an 18-acre island in Narragansett Bay, just minutes away from Newport. The lighthouse and Fort Hamilton are open for tours during the summer season.
With several marinas to dock your boat, like Bowen’s Wharf and Brown & Howard Marina, you’ll find plenty of options for slipping or anchoring your vessel. The marinas are situated near various clubs and restaurants, such as Diego’s, famous for its delicious Mexican food, margaritas, and upbeat atmosphere, and 22 Bowen’s, a classic spot for fine dining and drinks.
For a longer voyage, you can sail south of Vineyard Sound to the small island of Naushon before making your way to Newport. This journey combines the charm of New England sailing with the iconic Newport setting. If you have the time, I highly recommend stopping at Duxbury and sailing through the Cape Cod Canal to Woods Hole.
San Francisco, California
I find San Francisco to be a fantastic boating city due to its diverse waterways and the surrounding natural beauty. The city is situated on the edge of the stunning San Francisco Bay, with views of iconic landmarks such as the Golden Gate Bridge and Alcatraz Island. This makes it a prime destination for both experienced and novice boaters.
There are several marinas available for those looking to explore the area by water, including the Napa Valley Marina. Located six miles downstream from San Francisco, this marina is well-known for its helpful staff and excellent haul-out facilities. Additionally, it offers easy access to the nearby vineyards, providing a unique and relaxing experience for enthusiasts of both boating and wine-tasting.
Furthermore, San Francisco is the gateway to various nearby boating adventures. Inland California offers an opportunity to explore up the river from San Francisco Bay, revealing rich agricultural lands that produce much of the nation’s fruits, vegetables, and nuts. For those seeking a coastal experience, traveling south on the Pacific coast towards Newport Beach and Los Angeles yields picturesque harbors filled with luxurious mansions, seals, and stunning Californian landscapes.
Being the home of yacht racing, San Francisco is well-suited for competitive boating activities. The annual Newport to Ensenada Race is one of the most celebrated events, attracting participants from around the globe. The city also hosts numerous international regattas, providing ample opportunities for sailors to test their skills.
In summary, San Francisco, California, ticks all the boxes when it comes to offering the best boating experiences. Its combination of spectacular scenery, abundant marinas, exciting events, and unique destinations make it an attractive and memorable location indeed.
Fort Lauderdale, Florida
As a boating enthusiast, I can confidently say that Fort Lauderdale, Florida is one of the best boating cities in the US. With its 300 miles of waterways and over 100 marinas, the city offers a vast and diverse array of aquatic experiences for both locals and visitors.
In Fort Lauderdale, I find that the year-round beautiful weather and calm, clear waters make boating a fantastic way to unwind and enjoy the surrounding natural beauty. The city’s extensive canal system provides a unique experience, sometimes even being called the “Venice of America.” The New River is another popular waterway in the area, known for its picturesque views and lively waterfront scenery.
When out on the open water, I am particularly fond of exploring the Atlantic Ocean. This offers even more opportunities for boating with access to nearby tropical sandbars and reefs teeming with marine life, perfect for snorkeling and diving excursions. Additionally, the proximity to the Florida Keys makes it an ideal location for venturing further south to enjoy world-class fishing and other water-based activities.
Not to be overlooked are the numerous events throughout the year that showcase Fort Lauderdale’s boating culture. From boat shows to regattas, there is always an event to attend, and I find it an excellent way to immerse myself in this dynamic boating community.
San Diego, California
As a boating enthusiast, I have always been drawn to San Diego, California. With its stunning coastline and diverse boating options, it’s no surprise that San Diego has secured a spot as the third most popular boating city, as mentioned in GetMyBoat’s 2023 “Most Popular Boating Cities” report.
During my experiences in San Diego, I’ve noticed that the city offers something for every type of boater. “The Big Bay” or San Diego Bay is an excellent area for larger sailboats due to its openness. For those who don’t own a boat, there is no shortage of boat rental options too. San Diego Boat Rentals provides a variety of choices for anyone looking to spend a day out on the water.
A highly recommended place to visit is Coronado Island, located just across from the city and facing the Pacific Ocean. It embodies the waterfront lifestyle, with activities like skateboard parks, surrey rides, and scrumptious treats from Mootime Creamery – ensuring there’s something to enjoy for every visitor.
For a more upscale boating experience, I’ve learned that the Champagne Brunch Cruise or Dinner on the Bay offers a perfect blend of relaxation and indulgence. Imagine savoring a scrumptious meal while enjoying the panoramic views of San Diego’s breathtaking skyline – truly a memorable experience.
In conclusion, San Diego has established itself as one of the best boating cities in the US, offering a multitude of experiences for every type of boater. As I continue to explore this beautiful city, I’m confident that it will remain a top destination for any boating enthusiast.
Choosing the Ideal Boating City
I have always enjoyed exploring different boating cities, as each location offers a unique culture and ambiance that attracts boating enthusiasts like myself. With so many great options available in the US, it’s essential to consider the factors that can help you find the perfect boating city for your needs and preferences.
When I evaluate a boating city, I first look at the climate. A mild year-round climate means more opportunities to enjoy the water throughout the year. For example, destinations like San Diego and Tampa, both with sunny weather and warm temperatures, have become popular choices for boaters.
Another critical factor is the number and quality of marinas, boating amenities, and marine stores. Cities with a wide variety of these resources, such as Fort Lauderdale and Portland, ensure that you’ll find all the amenities needed for maintenance, upgrades, and safety while on the water.
In addition, the cost of living and the local economy can impact the affordability of boating in a particular city. Locations like Charleston, with a cost of living 11% above the national average, may be more expensive than others, but they also offer a unique boating experience due to their historic charm and picturesque landscapes.
Finally, consider the local boating community and recreational opportunities available in each city. A strong and vibrant boating community means a more enjoyable experience, with activities like regattas, boat shows, and fishing tournaments. Although every city on my list has its unique attractions, destinations like Cape Coral, known for its extensive canal system and waterfront living, offer boating enthusiasts an entirely different way of life.
To summarize, finding the ideal boating city requires considering factors such as climate, availability of boating amenities, cost of living, and recreational opportunities. Keep these factors in mind as you explore the best boating cities in the US, and you’re sure to find the perfect destination for your boating adventures.
Factors to Consider
When evaluating the best boating cities in the US, there are a few key factors that I considered to make sure the list is comprehensive and helpful for boating enthusiasts.
Location and accessibility: An ideal boating city should have easy access to open water, marinas, or navigable channels. This is necessary for both practical and recreational boating experiences.
Climate and weather: I took into account the climate of each city to ensure an enjoyable boating experience throughout the year. Cities with warm and temperate climates, as well as suitable wind conditions, were prioritized.
Local boating community: A strong local boating community is essential to support and grow the sport. I considered cities with high numbers of registered boats, thriving water sports scenes, and organized events like boat shows and races.
Infrastructure and amenities: It’s important for boating cities to have well-maintained marinas, boating facilities, fuel stations, and repair services to make life easier for boat owners. In addition, proximity to shopping centers, restaurants, and other amenities enhance the overall experience.
To create a well-rounded list, I also considered factors like cost of living, safety, and the local economy. This ensures that the cities are not only great for boating but also offer a good quality of life for those looking to live and boat in the same area.
When exploring the best boating cities in the US, it’s essential to consider the type of boat best suited for the destination. In my experience, different regions offer unique opportunities for various boat styles, so understanding which type is most suitable for a specific location can significantly enhance the experience.
For example, Fort Lauderdale is an ideal destination for those who enjoy yachting or sailing. I found that its 300 miles of waterways and 100 marinas make this city boat central, perfect for cruising on a yacht or sailboat. Additionally, the favorable weather conditions most of the year make it easy for me to enjoy boating in this region.
On the other hand, the Chesapeake Bay area, with its largest estuary in the United States and over 100,000 tributaries, offers a fantastic cruising ground for powerboats and cruisers. When I visit this region, I appreciate the numerous marinas, yacht clubs, and boatyards in Kent Narrows, which offer a range of marine services alongside scenic waterfront dining.
When it comes to boating destinations like Portland, Maine, versatility is vital. In my experience, this region’s over 200 islands in Casco Bay cater to boats of all sizes, making it a great location for short day trips or overnight excursions, whether I’m on a small speed boat or a larger yacht.
Lastly, cities like Baltimore and Orlando may not immediately come to mind when considering boating destinations, but for my family and me, they have proven to be exhilarating experiences. In Baltimore, the cruise up the Patapsco River, passing historical Fort McHenry, can be quite exciting. Whereas in Orlando, the St. Johns River running through the city allows for boating through various canals, rivers, and lakes that eventually lead to the ocean, providing diverse boating opportunities.
In conclusion, knowing the best type of boat to use for each destination is crucial when exploring the top boating cities in the US. I always ensure I match my boat type to the region I’m visiting to make the most of my boating experience and enjoy the unique offerings each city has.
In my opinion, for a city to be considered among the best boating cities in the US, it needs to offer favorable weather conditions that allow enthusiasts to make the most out of their boating experiences. I believe there are a few key factors to consider when it comes to weather conditions in boating cities: average temperature, days of sunshine, and minimal storm occurrences.
I have observed that cities with a warmer, more consistent climate are highly sought after by boaters. Consistently warm weather with temperatures between 60°F and 80°F ensures comfortable sailing throughout most of the year. The Tampa, Florida Metropolitan Area, for example, sports 12 months of mean temperature above 60°F, making it an ideal boating destination.
In addition to temperature, I’ve noticed that the number of sunny days in a location plays a significant role in its appeal to boaters. Sunshine often equates to predictable wind patterns, which directly impact sailing conditions. Moreover, prolonged sunshine is vital for the overall enjoyment and pleasure that comes with boating. The city of Fort Lauderdale, Florida is an example of a destination where boaters can expect a large number of sunny days.
Lastly, it’s key for me to consider the potential for severe weather, as storms can present dangerous conditions for boating. Cities with a lower likelihood of experiencing severe storms and hurricanes are attractive to boaters in search of a safe experience. With this in mind, coastal regions in California often rank high when discussing ideal weather for sailing.
Taking all of the above factors into account, I believe top boating cities require a combination of warm temperatures, sunny days, and low occurrences of severe storms; thereby ensuring enjoyable and safe weather conditions for boating enthusiasts.
Availability of Marinas
I have gathered information on some of the best boating cities in the US, so let’s talk about the availability of marinas in these prime locations.
In Chesapeake Bay, which is the largest estuary in the United States, there are a multitude of marinas to choose from. Whether you prefer to live near Baltimore, Annapolis, or Virginia Beach, you’ll find a marina that suits your needs. This area is not only a popular choice for its scenery, but it also offers protection against harsh winter weather1.
Fort Lauderdale is another one of the top boating cities due to its 300 miles of waterways and over 100 marinas2. The weather is usually great in this city, making it an ideal location for boating enthusiasts.
Meanwhile, GetMyBoat’s 2023 “Most Popular Boating Cities” report found that these cities are popular for boating:
- Annapolis, MD
- Charleston, SC
- Miami, FL
- Newport, RI
- San Diego, CA
The information from GetMyBoat was curated from data on over 100,000 boat rentals in the US3.
So, if you’re looking for the best boating cities in the US, consider these locations, as they offer a wide range of marinas and services to accommodate boating enthusiasts.
- Where to Liveaboard: The Best Cities and Marinas to Live and Boat – Dockwa ↩
- The 10 Best Boating Towns Around the U.S. – Fodors Travel Guide ↩
- GetMyBoat Released Its 2023 “Most Popular Boating Cities” Report ↩
City’s Boating Culture
As a boater, I’ve had the pleasure of experiencing some of the best boating cities in the U.S. These cities have diverse and vibrant boating cultures that cater to all kinds of boating enthusiasts. I’ll share a few notable cities known for their unique boating culture.
Seattle, Washington is often considered a top boating city due to its sprawling, intricate waterways. With city life meeting maritime muse, Seattle offers boaters a fantastic mix of urban exploration and maritime adventures. The iconic Space Needle and glittering skyline perfectly complement the city’s waterways.
Chesapeake Bay, Maryland is home to the largest estuary in the U.S., and its watershed has over 100,000 tributaries. It’s an extraordinary cruising ground and offers an abundance of boating opportunities. Kent Narrows is the hub of marine services, with yacht clubs, marinas, boatyards, and scenic waterfront dining options.
Jacksonville, Florida has a thriving boating community, as the St. Johns River runs right through the city. Its canals, rivers, and lakes connect and eventually lead to the ocean, making it a versatile and convenient boating destination.
Orlando, Florida is another attractive city for boaters. While better known for its theme parks, its interconnected waterways and easy access to the ocean make it a great place for boating.
Safety Measures for Boating
As a boating enthusiast, I always prioritize safety when I’m out on the water. Here are some crucial safety measures every boater should follow.
First, always wear a life jacket. U.S. Coast Guard statistics show that drowning is the leading cause of death in recreational boating accidents, and the majority of those who drowned were not wearing life jackets. Make sure that the life jackets are approved by the U.S. Coast Guard and fit everyone on board properly.
Next, be aware of the weather. Before you set out, check the local weather conditions and keep an eye on the sky for changing conditions. Sudden shifts in wind and rain can create dangerous situations, so it’s essential to be prepared.
Third, follow navigational rules. It’s essential to be familiar with and follow local boating regulations and guidelines. Be conscious of other watercraft, maintain a safe speed, and obey channel markers and buoys.
Don’t consume alcohol or drugs while boating. Boating under the influence is illegal and extremely dangerous. In fact, the impairing effects of alcohol and drugs are magnified while boating because of factors like wind, sun, and motion.
Moreover, always keep a proper lookout. Being aware of your surroundings is crucial for the safety of everyone on board. Keep an eye out for other boats, swimmers, and potential hazards in the water.
Additionally, have a fire extinguisher on board. Check it regularly and ensure it is U.S. Coast Guard approved. Depending on the size of your boat, you may require more than one fire extinguisher.
Finally, consider taking a boating safety course. Knowledge is power, and being educated on boating safety can save lives and reduce risks. Many states even require boat operators to complete a safety course before operating a boat.
By following these safety measures, I ensure that my boating experiences are not only enjoyable but also safe for myself and those around me.
Navigating The Waters
As a boating enthusiast, I find that some of the best boating cities in the US offer a mix of scenic beauty, vibrant maritime communities, and excellent facilities. One remarkable place that I enjoy visiting is Fort Lauderdale in Florida. With its 300 miles of waterways and 100 marinas, it is a prime destination for boating. The city’s favorable weather provides boating opportunities year-round.
On the other side of the country, I discovered Anacortes in Washington, which boasts 65 miles of shoreline along Fidalgo Island and five freshwater lakes. This picturesque town has a rich maritime community, six marinas, and a top-notch marine trades school. Not only is Anacortes a great boating destination, but it also has the second largest bareboat charter fleet in the world.
Exploring further south, I was captivated by the beauty of the Florida Keys, an unmatched tropical boating paradise. The turquoise waters stretch over 120 miles, offering a perfect blend of adventure and tranquility. I particularly enjoy cruising along the keys while taking in the breathtaking views of the surrounding environment.
Up in the New England area, I uncovered the gem that is Block Island, Rhode Island. This small island, with its historic Victorian homes, beaches, and lighthouses, offers a unique boating experience. As a fan of oysters, I was thrilled to learn that Block Island is well-known for its delicious shellfish.
In conclusion, these are just a few examples of the amazing boating cities you can find across the United States. The combination of picturesque views, vibrant maritime communities, and exceptional facilities make them a must-visit for any boating enthusiast.
Maintenance and Services
As a boating enthusiast, I’ve come to appreciate the importance of quality maintenance and service facilities in a boating city. Annapolis, Maryland, for instance, offers 12 full-service boatyards and 18 marinas, making it a reliable place for boat owners to maintain their vessels. Additionally, the area is home to numerous chandleries, marine service providers, and even five West Marine stores, which are essential for supplying boating equipment and essentials.
Tampa, Florida is another city that stands out for its boating services. The metropolitan area is home to a multitude of waterfront properties and an impressive number of boat dealers for its size. In fact, the state of Florida boasts 6.16 boat dealers per 100,000 residents, making it easy for boat owners to find and acquire the right equipment and services they need.
Furthermore, I cannot overlook the Chesapeake Bay area. The largest estuary in the United States, Chesapeake Bay is an amazing destination for boaters, and the watershed has over 100,000 tributaries. Kent Narrows, a location nearby the bay, is home to a cluster of marinas, yacht clubs, and boatyards. This concentration of marine services means that boaters can easily find support and assistance for the upkeep of their vessels. Plus, the picturesque waterfront dining options in the area enhance the overall experience.
Visiting boating cities such as these with effective maintenance and service offerings is essential for boat owners to ensure their vessels remain in top condition. By choosing the right location, I can confidently explore the waters, knowing that quality support is readily available.
In my opinion, several boating cities in the United States stand out for their exceptional experiences and amenities. Anacortes, located in Washington, is a top boating destination with 65 miles of shoreline and a vibrant maritime community. This city features six marinas, a top-notch marine trades school, and the second-largest bareboat charter fleet globally, making it an excellent choice for boating enthusiasts.
Traverse City, Michigan, is another fantastic destination, located on the shores of Lake Michigan’s Grand Traverse Bay. This city offers ample opportunities for boat tours, sailing, and fishing, making it ideal for water recreation.
Naples, Florida, tops Redfin’s list of the best U.S. cities for boaters. With 37.9% of listings on the waterfront and a year-round warm climate, Naples makes boating accessible and enjoyable throughout the year. The city is home to numerous canals and lakes, which make it easy to find the perfect spot for a day on the water.
Santa Catalina Island, in California, offers unique boating experiences with its over 360 mooring sites at Avalon Harbor, Descanso Bay, and Hamilton Cove. This popular destination receives love from locals and tourists alike for its picturesque landscape and water activities.
These are just a few examples of the fantastic boating cities in the United States. As a boating enthusiast, I’m confident that you can find the perfect location for your aquatic adventures. Remember to respect the local environments and marine wildlife when boating, and always prioritize safety during your outings.
Frequently Asked Questions
Top U.S. cities for boat owners
I believe some of the top U.S. cities for boat owners include Anacortes, Washington, which offers 65 miles of shoreline and an extensive maritime community with marinas and shipyards. Corpus Christi, Texas is another excellent option, as it provides outstanding coastal living conditions. Fort Lauderdale, Florida, with its 300 miles of waterways and 100 marinas, is also an ideal destination for boat owners.
Most popular boating destinations in the USA
In my experience, some popular boating destinations in the USA are Lake Michigan with its lovely waterfront towns and access to other lakes and Lake Huron, beautiful Aquidneck Island in Rhode Island with numerous waterfront properties, and Long Island, New York, which has a significant number of waterfront listings.
Best regions for living on a boat
I think some of the best regions for living on a boat in the United States are Anacortes, Washington; Corpus Christi, Texas; and Fort Lauderdale, Florida, due to their extensive shoreline, waterfront properties, and marina facilities.
Ideal states for boating enthusiasts
Personally, I would recommend Florida, Michigan, and Rhode Island as ideal states for boating enthusiasts, given their significant shoreline, numerous boating destinations, and abundant waterfront properties and marinas.
Which US city boasts the highest boat ownership?
Although I don’t have exact figures, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, is often regarded as a prime boating destination with a high rate of boat ownership, given its extensive waterways and marina facilities.
Top-rated boating and golfing communities in the US
While I don’t have specific community names, I can say that boating and golfing enthusiasts often converge in states such as Florida and Michigan, where numerous waterfront locations and golf courses create the perfect environment for both activities.